“Don’t even tell me you think I have bipolar disorder. I’ve traveled that treatment route before. Sorry, no thanks!”
One of the toughest thing a therapist has to do is tell a client bipolar disorder is a possibility. And it’s even more difficult if the client has heard it before, and began a treatment regimen (and quit).
Bipolar disorder treatment is the very essence of how little we know about the emotional/mental health disorders – and their crap-shoot “fixes.”
But fact is, most any bipolar disorder intervention is often difficult to facilitate without chemical mood-stabilization.
Given all of the above, I’d like to present a series on the treatment of bipolar disorder. My primary reference source is Dr. Jim Phelps, a cutting-edge/outside-the-box thinking psychiatrist.
Rule-Outs Are Primo
As with the treatment of any emotional/mental health disorder, medical rule-outs are the first order of business. If a bipolar diagnosis is under consideration you need to make sure all is well in the thyroid neck of the woods.
A TSH – thyroid stimulating-hormone – test will get the job done. The test is also important because some bipolar treatment options may impact the thyroid, so knowing a functioning baseline is important.
There are other medical rule-outs to consider, which you can discuss with your psychiatrist and/or primary care physician.
Three Bipolar Treatment Principles
Dr. Phelps suggests three bipolar treatment principles that make a whole lot of sense to me. Let’s take a look…
Maximize Non-Medication Approaches
Bipolar treatment isn’t a 100% meds proposition. And if meds become a necessity, working the following will serve to lighten the load (‘course, if you ignore them the intensity of the meds assault will have to be ramped-up).
By the way, a therapist can be of great assistance in facilitating these…
- Establish a regular daily schedule/routine
- Exercise regularly
- Minimize alcohol
- Monitor and change your patterns of thought/belief
- Learn all you can about bipolar disorder
- As difficult as it may be, accept your illness
- Light therapy (for the depressive piece)
- Establish a well-educated support team (family members, friends, psychiatrist, therapist, clergy, etc.)
- Do all you can to help those closest to you cope
Using mood-stabilizing meds to manage bipolarity is often difficult; however, very likely necessary. And it isn’t about using just any meds – we’re talking meds that are known to work for the variation of bipolar with which you’re dealing.
Phelps believes there are at least five options (and growing) for choosing mood-stabilizing meds. And selecting the best option for you is a decision you’ll make with the input of your psychiatrist…
The decision will ultimately be made by balancing benefits, side effects, and other risks.
Speaking of risks, a great point is to be made here. It’s easy to understand why someone would be – well – frightened to use the mood-stabilizing meds prescribed for bipolar disorder. Yet, no one seems to bat an eye about taking antidepressants.
Believe me, using any antidepressant – Zoloft, Effexor, Wellbutrin, Paxil, Pristiq, Lexapro, Viibryd, etc. – is not the cakewalk Big Pharma may have hyped when the meds were introduced.
Now, it’s up to you to research the meds your psychiatrist recommends. Why? Because for any number of reasons you can’t rely solely upon your psychiatrist for decision-making. Maybe she/he only prescribes meds they’re comfortable with. Perhaps she/he is being influenced by a pharmaceutical company. Who knows?
Bottom-line: The more you independently learn, the greater your chances of selecting the right med for you.
If you’ve been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, major depressive episodes are in the mix. And that often means – right or wrong – the prescribing and use of antidepressants (ADs).
ADs can make bipolar disorder worse because they cause major mood cycling issues. Maybe it’s a handful of depressive, manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes in a year – or several in a day’s time.
ADs generate manic or hypomanic symptoms at an estimated rate of 20-40% when a depressed individual with bipolar disorder uses them. This is known as switching. ADs can also induce mixed episodes – depression and mania/hypomania c0-occuring.
Actually, ADs may lead to an overall destabilization of mood. That means increased cycle frequency over a longer period of time, as well as more mood episodes or more rapid switches from one mood state to another.
Last, but certainly not least, ADs may cause a phenomenon known as kindling. In short, it’s about an illness worsening more quickly over time than it may have naturally. Here’s a link to a chipur article on kindling.
Hugely important! Don’t get spooked to the point where you suddenly stop taking your AD. Rather, sit down with your psychiatrist and talk things over.
Let’s Wrap Part 1
Okay, that’s more than enough info to get us off to a good start. You may see part-two tomorrow, but let’s for-sure go with Tuesday evening, okay? Be sure to keep checking-in.