Agoraphobia, Panic Attacks, Spatial Orientation: Perception is Everything

Raise your hand if you’ve ever endured agoraphobia. Well, my arm’s extended upward. I can recall being all but housebound because of it in the early 1980’s. And if I did venture out it was with a few drinks under my belt, a few beers in the car, and about ten cigarettes in my mouth. [...]

HPA Axis and Panic/Anxiety…

Well, buckle those seat belts tight, ‘cause I’m bringing you some pretty heady stuff here. But, we’ll get through it together just fine. I want to discuss something known as the HPA axis. This physiological interrelationship is of major importance to panic sufferers, so I’m going to get into a good bit of detail. The [...]

Panic Attacks, Anxiety, and Anger: The Dynamics of Defense (Part 3)

Well, this is the final article of a three-part series on the role of anger in the occurrence and perpetuation of panic attacks and anxiety. In the first two installments we defined anger within two theoretical perspectives, and took a look at how anger presented in my life as an anxiety sufferer. I’d like to [...]

Panic Attacks, Anxiety, and Anger: The Dynamics of Defense (Part 2)

In part one of this three part series we poured a solid foundation by defining anger within the context of psychoanalytic and cognitive theory. Well, now it’s time to have a look at how anger directly impacts panic and anxiety. As I focused upon recovering from my disorder, it didn’t take long before I realized [...]

Panic Attacks, Anxiety, and Anger: The Dynamics of Defense (Part 1)

I’d like to discuss anger’s role in the generation and sustenance of panic attacks and anxiety. To give the matter its due, I’ve decided to present the information in two parts. In this edition, part one, we’ll review what anger is in the eyes of the psychoanalysts and cognitivists. And in part two we’ll have [...]